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Technoscience

Infancy moments of the universe

It might appear to allegorical, but the image below left exalted the cosmologists of the whole world. It indicates, in detail, the structures which formed the universe 14 billions of years ago, around 300,000 years before the Big Bang, when it was close to one thousand times smaller and hotter than it is today. It is the result of ten days of observations taken by the telescope of the Boomerang project (Balloon Observations of Millimetric Extragalactic Radiation and Geophysics), between the end of 1998 and the beginning of 1999, in a balloon around Antarctica. The Boomerang telescope registered for the first time, in high resolution, the so-called comic radiation of microwaves proven in 1991 by the satellite Probe of the United States. The pictures reveal hundreds of regions with minimal variations of one hundred millionths of a Celsius degree in the temperature of the microwaves. The complex models of this organization confirm that the forecasts that the sound waves could journey from the beginning of the universe and create structures which would evolve until they would turn themselves into conglomerates of galaxies or superconglomerates. The results, published in Nature on 27th of April, crowned the work of 36 teams from 16 universities form Canada, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States.

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