- Expenditure on research and development (R&D) in São Paulo increased from R$26.8 billion in 2017 to R$27.6 billion in 2018 (in real terms, adjusted by IPCA), representing an increase of 2.7%. In the same period, São Paulo’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) rose from R$2.17 trillion to R$2.22 trillion (+2.5%).
- Relative growth was greatest at federal higher education institutions (HEIs), FAPESP, and businesses. The biggest declines occurred at FINEP, state research institutes, and the CNPq.
- São Paulo state universities were responsible for 73% of spending in the higher education sector, while FAPESP accounted for 47% of expenditure by funding agencies.
NOTES (1) INCLUDES THE BRAZILIAN CENTER FOR ENERGY AND MATERIALS RESEARCH (CNPEM), WHICH RECEIVES FEDERAL FUNDING DESPITE BEING A SOCIAL ORGANIZATION (UNDER PRIVATE LAW). (2) BUSINESS EXPENDITURE FOR THE YEARS 2015–2017 WAS REVISED AS A FUNCTION OF THE REVISED NATIONAL GDP. THE METHODOLOGY FOR ESTIMATING THESE FIGURES FOLLOWS THAT USED IN CHAPTER 3, ST&I INDICATORS SÃO PAULO, 2010. (3) IN THE “TOTAL” GRAPH, THE “PRIVATE” GROUP INCLUDES BUSINESSES AND PRIVATE HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS FROM THE TABLE. (4) ONLY NATIONAL SOURCES FOR THE SELECTED COUNTRIES, 2017 DATA. FOR SÃO PAULO, 2018 DATA. THE “OTHERS” CATEGORY REFERS TO NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS, FROM WHICH WE HAVE NO RECORDS FOR SÃO PAULO. THERE IS NO RECENT DATA FOR BRAZIL.
SOURCES STUDY AND INDICATOR MANAGEMENT/FAPESP, SEADE FOUNDATION, OECD (MAIN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INDICATORS, HTTPS://WWW.OECD.ORG/STI/MSTI.HTM)