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Members of faculty at universities in São Paulo

  • Teaching staff numbers in higher education remain stable in the state, with a decline in the private system and an increase at public institutions
  • There were 199 universities in Brazil in 2018: 107 public and 92 private. In São Paulo, the total was 38, of which 9 were public and 29 private. The numbers have not changed significantly since 2010
  • The number of professors in the country rose from 183,000 to 206,000, mainly due to expansion of the federal university network—the number in the private system actually fell
  • In São Paulo, there was a 10% drop in the number of professors at private universities, from 26,111 to 23,382, offset by the increase at public institutions, from 14,594 to 16,317, primarily at the three federal universities located in the state

Qualification levels rise in the private system while proportion working full-time remains stable

  • The faculty at public universities in São Paulo is highly qualified: 94% have a PhD degree, a figure that stands at 99% at the state universities (USP, UNICAMP, and UNESP)
  • The majority work on a full-time basis: 90% in total, and 93% in state universities
  • There has been a significant increase in the number of professors with a PhD at private universities: from 27% in 2010 to 39% in 2018, although they still do not represent a majority
  • The proportion with graduate degrees, which covers both masters and PhDs, grew significantly in the period, from 68% to 85%
  • Full-time employment remained stable, at 42% in 2010 and 43% in 2018. There was a 10% drop in the absolute number of full-time faculty staff, from 11,064 to 9,991

SOURCES  Higher Education Census, 2010/2018, INEP/MEC Prepared by the FAPESP Studies and Indicators Team